Professor Roger Griffin

Professor in Modern History

Roger Griffin is widely acknowledged to be one of the world's foremost experts on the socio-historical and ideological dynamics of fascism, as well as the relationship of various forms of political  or religious fanaticism, and in particular contemporary terrorism, to modernity. He began teaching at what was then Oxford Polytechnic over forty years ago, and has played an active part in its evolution into what is regularly voted the UK's outstanding New University in the country, working alongside one of the more successful teams of historians in England in terms of the quality of its research output 'per head' according to the RAE/REF of 2001, 2008, 2014. As an extension and application of his academic research into the social dynamics of extremist ideology and fanatism under the impact of modernity he has made a number of contributions outside academia to a humanistic understanding of terrorist radicalization and the identification of the processes involved in deradicalization. His theory of 'heroic doubling' is now the basis of a major research project based on multi-agency collaboration. Meanwhile his theories of fascism and of fascism's relationship to religion, ulltranationalism, totalitarianism, aesthetics and modernism continue to be widely used in Eastern Europe and have attracted interest as far away as South Korea, China and Japan.



Most of Roger Griffin's undergraduate teaching relates to modernism, fascism or the History of Ideas. He leads the following advanced modules:

3rd year

  • U67882 The Evolution of Fascism in the 20th Century (now taught as one of the modules presented within the 3rd year module Advanced Module in Political thought)

Second year

  • U67821 A History of Modern Ideas (1600-1925)
  • U67820 The Interwar Crisis of the West  (with Erik Landis)

He also has lectured and/or taken seminars on

  • U67900 Making History: Theory, Methods and Sources
  • U67503 The Rise of the Modern World
  • U67508 Atlantic Histories


He draws on his major new book on terrorism, Terrorist's Creed in the MA specialist module

  •  P67567 Terrorism in Context

He also runs the MA dissertation modules 67599 and 68599 which prepare MA students     for writing and submitting their dissertation

PhD supervision

5 doctorates supervised or co-supervised to completion

1 currently being supervised


His four main specialist areas are currently fascism, (non-artistic) modernism, terrorism, and (transcultural) humanism in the modern age. He received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Leuven in May 2011 in recognition of his services to the comparative study of fascism. All his teaching is informed by his cutting edge specialist research into the area they cover which aims to refine the conceptual framework within  which they are generally approached.

At present his principal research interests are:

The evolution of fascism as it continues to adapt to transformations in the socio-political stuctures of modern society.

The modernist dynamics of modern political and religious extremism as obstacles to the emergence of a sustainable, humane, global community.

The origins of terrorism in both concrete socio-political circumstances and (at least in some cases) in the malaise of modernity and the quest for transcendental meaning and the sacred in a secularizing world.

Transcultural humanism as a historical and contemporary force, conceived as a 'mirror' of extremism, racism and various forms of social exclusion.

The dynamics of radicalization and the task of deradicalization conceived as a form of humanistic reradicalization.

Increasingly Roger Griffin is concerned with the practical application of his insights into the dynamics of fanatical violence in counter-radicalization policies. His theory of 'heroic doubling' was cited in the prosecution case against Anders Breivik and he is devoting time to encourage the adoption of social policies based on 'transcultural humanism' to counteract fanaticism and politicized variants of religion.

The insights gained from his work into the way the human need for transcendent meaning can lead to extremism and fanaticism, and the innate capacity for transcultural humanism have combined to inform one of his next research projects. This is to locate the process of (potential) terrorist deradicalization within the much wider context of i) the tension between moderate and extremist belief within religions and revolutionary politics, ii) pacifist movements for change in history, and iii) empirical examples of violent radicals adopting moderate policies in order to pursue social justice. This will result in new resentations on the issue of deradicalization to such bodies as TERRA (an EU funded deradicalization project based in Amsterdam) and (hopefully) the Home Office Prevent team. The article to be written on the basis of this work is provisionally called Melting the Snow Queen. Harnessing the Terrorist Fanaticism for Humanistic Ends and will draw on theoretical insights from several disciplines as well as first hand testimonies and interviews with 'converts to peace'.

Doctoral supervision and examining.

Roger Griffin has supervised and co-supervised several PhDs to completion and welcomes applications for doctoral projects in topics relating to fascism, (political and cultural) modernism, racism, terrorism, and transcultural humanism. He invites inquiries exploring the possibility for doctoral supervision on topics relating to these areas from students anywhere in the world.

He has acted as external PhD exainer at Oxford University, Birmingham, Bath, Sheffield, Bucharest, Budapest, Paris III, Perpignan, and Granada



Keynote Addresses and Conference Papers since 2004

  • December 2004 paper on political religion at Bern University
  • June 2004 paper on neo-populisnm in Britain at symposium held at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva
  • November 2005 Keynote speaker on the links between fascism and the German at a symposium on the European New Right (Neue Rechte) held in Wuerzburg, Germany
  • April 2006 Keynote speaker for the conference 'Clerical fascism in Inter-war Europe' held at Oxford Brookes University
  • 2006 Keynote address for the conference 'Fascism, Modernism and Postmodernism' held at the University of New Mexico in September
  • June 2007 Keynote address at the conference on 'Modernity and Mass Dictatorship' to held at Hanyang University, South Korea
  • May 2008 Talk on anti-Semitism at Leo Baeck Institute, London
  • May 2008 Talk at symposium on Nazism and fascism at German Historical Institute in London
  • June 2008 Talk on fascism and modernism at Institute for Documentation of Second World War (Amsterdam)
  • July 2008 Two talks given at workshops at ISSEI held in Helsinki
  • September 2008) Keynote at international symposium on Modernism and antimodernism in Bucharest
  • June 2008 Keynote on fascism and Dutch modernity for the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation in Amsterdam
  • June 2008 Keynote on research in the Humanities and the Use of the Web at day conference The Virtual Scholar in London
  • July 2008 Gave papers at two workshops at ISSEI conference in Helsinki
  • Sep 2008 Keynote at conference on Modernity and Antimodernity in Bucharest
  • Nov 2008 Keynote on rise of totalitarianism for Symposium held in Vienna to launch book commemorate 90th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic
  • Dec 2008 Guest lecture at Groningen University (Holland) on Dictatorship
  • March 2009 Guest lecture at postgraduate seminar on modernism held by Ron Bush (Oxford University)
  • March 2009 Guest lecture in Landsberg (Bavaria) on Hitler and Modernity in a series of public talks on Nazism
  • April 2009 Keynote at Paris conference (Paris 3) on New Consensus in fascism
  • April 2009 Keynote at symposium for Olso on Totalitarianism and Terrorism
  • April 2009 Guest lecture on genocide at Oslo University
  • May 2009 Guest lecture in Hamburg at Aexl Schildt Institute in series on Third Reich
  • July 2009 Keynote at international symposium on language of extreme right at Alfried Krupp Wiisenschaftskolleg in Greifswald
  • August 2009 Two workshops on fascism in Europe for Sorbonne Summer School held in Pecs (Hungary)
  • Sep 2009 Key note at Oxford Brookes international conference on 'Sacred Modernities'
  • Sep 2009 Lecture at Oxford University day-school on Futurism
  • Octopber 2009 Podcast keynote for virtual conference 'Breaking Barriers' (organized by Wiley-Blackwell)
  • Nov 2009 Talk at symposium on fascism and modernism at University of Konstanz
  • Nov 2009 Talk at symposium on parafascism at Lisbon University
  • Dec 2009 Talk on Leadership to Executives on Said Training Course
  • Jan 2010 Guest lecture for the seminar on comparative and transfer history held by Arnd Baueraemper at the Free University (Berlin, Jan 2010)
  • Jan 2010 Festschriftsvortrag for Wolfgang Wippermann
  • June 2010 Keynote at symposium at Manchester University on Fascism and Culture 
  • Sep 2010 Keynote for conference on transcultural humanism held by Berendel Foundation (Brookes)
  • Sep 2010 Keynote at conference on Fascism and Catholicism (Rome)
  • Oct 2010 Kenote for conference on 'spaces of extreme violence' Vienna
  • Oct 2010 Keynote at conference on 'numerus clausus' held by Holocaust Museum, Budapest
  • Nov 2011 Talk for CEU on terrorism (Budapest)
  • May 2011 Talk on occasion of award of Honorary Doctorate by Leuwen University
  • Sept 2011 Talk on New Man for Berendel Conference (Oxford)
  • Sept 2011 Talk on Ideocracy at Hannah Arendt Centre (Dresden)
  • Oct 2011 Talk on Modernism and Terrorism in National Library of Romania
  • Oct 2011 Short course on Modernism and politics at Bucharest University
  • Nov 2011 Talk on peripheral fascisms for conference (Uppsala)
  • Feb 2012  Keynote on terrorism (Oslo)
  • June 2012 Keynote on fascism (Munich)
  • October 2012 Lectures on fascism and modernity (Barcelona)
  • February 2013 Talk on the attractiveness of Nazism (Munich)
  • March Paper delivered at conference on fascist temporality (Italy) 
  • May 2013 2 Talks on totalitarianism/terrorism to Oslo University, MA masterclass, radio interview
  • June 2013 Amsterdam Talk at conference on deradicalization held by TerRA
  • April 2014 Budapest (Holocaust Memorial Day presentation, presentation on dynamics of terrorism at CEU)
  • April 2014 Vienna (ESSH Cworkshop on social basis of fascism)
  • May 2014 Talks on terrorism and genocide for Oslo University
  • July 2014 Paper on the aesthetics of fascism and parafascism for a workshop in Lisbon held by the Faculty of Social Sciences
  • July Berlin (Free University conference on fascism: presentation cancelled because of family illness)
  • Sept Moscow (keynote for international conference on impact of 1WW on Russian culture: cancelled because of family illness)
  • Sept 2014 (paper for workshop on the sacred in the modern age held at CRASSH in Cambridge)
  • Sept 2014 Athens (presentation for ESRC workshp on dynamics of extreme right)
  • March Paper at conference on European extreme right(Dubrovnik)
  • April Keynote given at Modernism and Fascism conference (Granada)
  • May Talk at Genoa University on Fascism
  • Keynote at conference on Golden Dawn (Athens)
  • May 2015 keynote at conference on Nazi social policies in occupied Europe held by Jan Amos Comenius University
  • May keynote at Warwick on volence
  • June talk at Exeter on radicalization
  • September talks on fascism and terrorism at Bodo University (Norway)
  • September keynote at 3 day conference on Breivik murders in Oslo
  • September inaugural lecture for international MA programme in Santiago de Compostello
  • October Talk at Reading University

Further research dissemination

In the last 25 years Roger Griffin has given numerous talks at History Association evenings, staff seminars, and sixth-form conferences in Britain. He was interviewed about fascism on Hamburg local radio (Freies Sender Kombinat) and about Bush's use of the term Islamo-Fascism by The New York Times, as well as being consulted about aspects of fascism (e.g. Joerg Haider's death and the rise of the radical right in Austria, the 'new' BNP under Nick Griffin) and populism (e.g. by the Canadian radio station CBC, and by the Pan European Forum organized by Cheuvreux). In the wake of the Anders Breivik attack in Norway he gave various interviews to the media on terrorism, including a talk on the psychological dynamics of Breivik at a public discussion of terrorism held in Oslo in February 2012.

Other talks

In the last 25 years Roger Griffin has given numerous talks at History Association evenings, staff seminars, and sixth-form conferences in Britain. He was interviewed about fascism on Hamburg local radio (Freies Sender Kombinat) and about Bush's use of the term Islamo-Fascism by The New York Times, as well as being consulted about aspects of fascism (e.g. Joerg Haider's death and the rise of the radical right in Austria, the 'new' BNP under Nick Griffin) and populism (e.g. by the Canadian radio station CBC, and by the Pan European Forum organized by Cheuvreux). In the wake of the Anders Breivik attack in Norway he gave various interviews to the media on terrorism, including a talk on the psychological dynamics of Breivik at a public discussion of terrorism held in Oslo in February 2012. He is now visiting professor at Oslo University where he holds two talks and an MA master class each May.

Career History

Having obtained a First in French and German literature from Oxford University, he then began teaching in the History of Ideas at Oxford Polytechnic as a member of what was at the time a small, and in the national history context, invisible History department. This change of discipline enabled him to draw on his intensive training in the critical appreciation of how different artists have seen the world over time to achieve an empathetic understanding of the ideas and world-views of the key extremist right-wing movements and regimes which have shaped modern history. Applying this approach to the redefinition of fascism in terms of its ideology led to a DPhil from Oxford University (1990). In it he first expounded the theory of fascism which has made him internationally famous through a steady stream of publications starting with The Nature of Fascism (1991). These have become the cornerstone of the 'New Consensus' definition of fascism widely operated (consciously or not and with some notable exceptions) all over the world by the majority of academics concerned with comparative fascist studies. The twenty three years which have elapsed since have seen over 120 publications on such topics as fascism, racism, modernity, and totalitarianism, and he has given over forty five keynote lectures on these and related topics in universities on three continents. His key works in the last five years are Modernism and Fascism. The Sense of a Beginning under Mussolini and Hitler (2007), A Fascist Century. Essays by Roger Griffin (2008), and Terrorist's Creed. Fanatical Violence and the Human Need for Meaning (August 2012) (which has appeared in Spanish in 2011 and will appear in a Czech edition in 2014). His next main project is a to write a monograph (Blood Ties) on the way scientized and rationalized variants of the myth of blood have helped shape some of the more catastrophic events of modern history.


  • Roger Griffin has carried out an ideological profile of a suspected extreme right-wing ideologue in connection with legal proceedings and delivered lectures on the socio-ideological dynamics of terrorism and fascism to the security forces.
  • He invites requests for consultation work of this nature and in areas relating to the design and delivery of courses on topics relating to fascism, terrorism, and modernism at postgraduate, undergraduate and sixth-form/high school level.
  • He has acted as a consultant to the Home Office on terrorist radicalization
  • He is also available for talks on the psychological dynamics and security implications of modernity, terrorism, and radicalization

Related Activities

He has been a member of the editorial board of Patterns of Prejudice since 1990, and for 4 years was co-editor of the journal Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (2005-2008). After leaving the journal he helped create a new Political Religion section of the Blackwell-Wiley on-line journal Religion Compass which he co-edited for three years. He is also consultant editor of the new e-journal  (2011) Fascism: Journal for Comparative Fascist Studies edited by Madelon de Keizer in Amsterdam (Brill). His main editorial work now is on the series he founded, 'Modernism and'(Palgrave), which will eventually publish 24 volumes (15 have already appeared)

Thanks to funding from the Berendel Foundation for 2011-12, Roger Griffin was able to explore the feasibility of setting up an internet resource for the advancement of transcultural humanism, a project (PATH) that builds on his keynote for a conference held by the Berendel Foundation on this topic in Oxford in September 2010. With appropriate funding the outcome of this project would be  the establishment of an electronic journal (Studies in Transcultural Humanism) that would focus on the history of transcultural humanism, both in theory and practice, in the world's religious and secular cultures. This would involve a variety of traditions of tolerance and fruitful coexistence with 'the Other' that exist in human history and could hopefully be reactivated to help address the many dilemmas that humanity now faces on a global and planetary level.

Since September 2015 Roger Griffin has found a highly practical and topical application of his work on terrorism and transculatural humanism in the AVATAR (Analysis of Virtual Alter-egos in Terrorst Activism and Radicalization) project with an expert in the IT aspect of counterradicalization and a police force actively engaged in counter-radicalization and CT work.

He has been Fellow of the Royal Historical Society since 2003.

He has been on the AHRC panel of peer reviewers since 2008

He has been the external examiner or external consultant on several for MPhil, PhD, and Habilitation theses in the UK, Central European University, France, and Australia.

He was the main author of the project description for a bid to the EU for funding for a 4 year international project on 'Shadows Over Democracy' in Europe in Dec-Jan 2009-2010 (the bid went through to the final round but was unsuccessful).

He gives frequent talks to school sixth-forms on subjects relating to fascism and extremism.

He has given lectures to executives on the need for a new type of leadership in the context of the need for a 'paradigm shift' that will assure sustainability in the future.

He has taken part in a round-table discussion on right-wing populism held at the Pan-European Forum organized by Cheuvreux (May 2012)

He has participated in numerous radio discussions of issues related to his research, and appeared on a Romanian history programme to discuss his work in 2011.

Since 2012 he has given radio interviews for Radio 5 Live, Radio Scotland, Oxford Radio, LBC, Talk Russia, Russia Today, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, and has been cited in numerous newspaper articles on stories relating to extremist violence.

In May he was interviewed in a Prague studio by the public on fascism on an hour-long popular TV programme investigating cultural and popular issues.

He is well-established as an expert on terrorism in Norway, where his theories were used in th Breivik trial..


Editorships and networks

Founding editor of the book series Modernism and 

Consultant editor of the open-access journal Fascism

On editorial board of Patterns of Prejudice

Guest Fellow of the Integrated Research in Conflict and Security unit at King’s College

On committee of the EU-funded TERRA initiative which is exploring best practice in counter- and de-radicalization strategies
Academic lead in a project to create an International MA on Terrorism and Counter-terrorism taught by a consortium of European Universities (possibly Brookes, LUISS, Rome, and Barcelona).
Founding member of the Research Network on Radicalism and Violence whose formation has  been approved by the Council for European Studies.


  • Books
  • Journal articles
  • Book chapters
  • Other


  • The Nature of Fascism, (Pinter, 1991); Paperback edition (Routledge, 1993) ISBN 0312071329
  • Fascism (editor) in 'The Oxford Readers Series' (Oxford University Press, 1995) ISBN 0-19-289249-5
  • International Fascism: Theories, Causes, and the New Consensus (editor) (Arnold, 1998) ISBN 0-340-70614-7
  • Fascism (editor with Mathew Feldman) in the Routledge Critical Concepts in Political Science series (Routledge, 2003) ISBN 0-415-29015-5
  • Modernism and Fascism: The Sense of a Beginning under Mussolini and Hitler(Palgrave, 2007) ISBN 1-403-987831 (Published in Spanish 2011, in Czech 2015; in Italian 2017).
  • Matthew Feldman (ed.) A Fascist Century: Essays by Roger Griffin (Palgrave) ISBN 0-230-220894
  • Terrorist's Creed. Fanatical Violence and the Human Need for Meaning (Palgrave, September 2012; published in Arabic 2016)

Latest book projects

Fascism in the Polity Press 'Key Concepts series (2017)

Double Trouble: The Destructive Alter Ego in Totalitarianism and Terrorism (Palgrave 2018)

Edited books

  • Fascism, Totalitarianism, and Political Religion [book version of special issue on fascism as a totalitarian movement]:Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (Vol. 5, No. 3 Winter 2004)] (London, Palgrave, 2005). ISBN 0-415-34793-9
  • Fascism Past and Present, West and East, ed. by Roger Griffin, Werner Loh, and Andreas Umland [Stuttgart: Ibidem, 2006], (Reprint of Erwaegen, Ethik, und Wissenschaft, Vol 15, Issue 3, 2004) in the series Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society edited by Andreas Umland. ISBN 3-89821-674-8
  • Co-editor of The Sacred in Politics. A Festschrift for Stanley Payne (Palgrave, 2008)

Journal articles

  • 'Revolts against the modern world', Literature and History, vol. 11, no. 1, (Spring 1985) pp.101-124.
  • 'The Fascist Phoenix', Politics Review, vol. 2, no. 2, (Nov., 1991), pp. 2-5.
  • 'Was Nazism Fascist?', Modern History Review, vol. 5, no. 1, (Nov. 1993), pp. 15-17.
  • 'Identification and Integration: Conflicting Aspects of the Human Need for Self-transcendence within Ideological Communities', Journal for the Study of European Ideas, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 11-23 (March 1993), pp. 11-23.
  • 'Modernity under the New Order: The Fascist Project for managing the Future', (Thamesman Publications, Oxford Brookes School of Business imprint, 1994)
  • 'Europe for the Europeans: The fascist vision of the new Europe', Humanities Research Centre Occasional Paper, no. 1, 1994.
  • 'Romantic Twilight or Post-modernist Dawn?', Oxford Art Journal, vol. 18, no. 2, 1995, pp. 103-107.
  • 'The Post-fascism of the Alleanza nazionale: A case-study in Ideological Morphology', Journal of Political Ideologies, vol. 1, no. 2, 1996, pp. 123-146.
  • 'Totalitarian Art and the Nemesis of Modernity', Oxford Art Journal, vol. 19, no. 2, 1996, pp.122-4.
  • 'I am no longer human. I am a Titan. A god!' The fascist quest to regenerate time', Electronic Seminars in History, History of Political Thought, at (first published May 1998)
  • 'The Sacred Synthesis: The Ideological Cohesion of Fascist Culture', Modern Italy, vol. 3, no. 1 (1998), pp. 5-23.
  • 'Party Time: Nazism as a Temporal Revolution', History Today, vol. 49, no. 4 (April 1999), pp. 43-50.
  • 'GUD Reactions: the patterns of prejudice of a neo-fascist groupuscule, Patterns of Prejudice, vol. 33, no. 2 (April 1999), pp. 31-50.
  • 'Fascism is more than reaction'', Searchlight, vol. 27, no. 4 (Sept. 1999), pp. 24-6.
  • 'Between metapolitics and apoliteia: the New Right's strategy for conserving the fascist vision in the 'interregnum', Modern and Contemporary France vol. 8, no. 2, Feb. 2000, pp. 35-53.
  • 'Pasts which shall not pass (or knowing what's right)', Patterns of Prejudice (vol. 34,
  • 'Monuments and Motorways: de Felice's Ambiguous Legacy to Fascist Studies', (in Italian translation), Ideazione, vol. 6, no. 4, July 2000, pp. 211-4.
  • 'Racism' or 'rebirth'? The case for granting German citizenship to the alien concept 'generic fascism', Ethik und Sozialwissenschaften, vol. 11, no. 2, July 2000, pp. 300-3
  • 'Interregnum or endgame? Radical Right Thought in the 'Post-fascist' Era', The Journal of Political Ideologies, vol. 5, no. 2, July 2000, pp. 163-78
  • 'In the Shadow of the Megamachine: reflections on Golomstock's iron law of totalitarian art', Third Text, no. 51, 2000, pp. 29-38
  • 'The Rebel with a Cause: Mussolini as a National Revolutionary 1909-1919', New Perspective, vol. 6, no. 1 (September 2000) pp. 31-5.
  • 'Notes towards the definition of fascist culture: the prospects for synergy between Marxist and liberal heuristics', Renaissance and Modern Studies (vol. 42, Autumn 2001), pp. 95-115.
  • 'Fatal Attraction: The Appeal of Nazism', New Perspective, (vol. 7, no. 2, December 2001), pp. 21-27.'The Reclamation of Fascist Culture', Review article for European History Quarterly vol. 31, no. 4, October 2001, pp. 609-20.
  • 'The Primacy of Culture. The Current Growth (or Manufacture) of Consensus within Fascist Studies', The Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 37, no. 1 (2002), pp. 21-43.
  • 'The Alleanza nazionale and the democratic right', Ideazione vol. 8, no. 3 (2002), pp. 101-108.
  • 'The incredible shrinking ism: the survival of fascism in the post-fascist era', Guest editor's introduction July 2002 edition of Patterns of Prejudice (vol. 36, no. 3) devoted to the 'groupuscular right', pp. 4-8.
  • 'Paper Tiger or Cheshire Cat? A Plain Spotter's Guide to Fascism in the Post-fascist era', Searchlight, November 2002, pp. 18-21.
  • 'The palingenetic political community: rethinking the legitimation of totalitarian regimes in inter-war Europe', Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions Winter 2002, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 24-43
  • 'From slime mould to rhizome: an introduction to the groupuscular right', Patterns of Prejudice, vol. 37, no. 1, (March 2003), pp. 27-50.
  • 'Roots (or Rhizomes?) of 'Rootedness' Notes towards an intellectual history of the palingenetic right's revolt against the disembedding processes of Western modernity', Virtual talk for the conference 'Challenges to the New World Order: Antiglobalism and Counterglobalism', Amsterdam University, May 2003, presented at the conference by Matt Feldmann.
  • 'Shattering crystals': the role of dream time in extreme right-wing political violencee, Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 15, No.1, Spring 2003, pp. 57-96.
  • 'The Concept that came out of the Cold: The Progressive Historicization of Generic Fascism and its New Relevance to Teaching 20th Century History' History Compass (historiographical Website Blackwell: 2003)
  • 'Ecological Humanism and the Grounding of Utopia', New Humanist (November 2003)
  • 'Hooked crosses and forking paths: The fascist dynamics of the Third Reich', Bulletin fuer Faschismus- und Weltkriegsforschung, No. 23 (July 2004), (Berlin, Organon): special issue on 'the dynamics of fascism', edited by Werner Roehr
  • 'Fascism's new faces (and new facelessness) in the 'post-fascist' epoch, and its threats to contemporary democracy', main article (followed by two replies to criticisms) for Eraegen, Ethik, und Wissenschaft Vol 15, Issue 3, (Autumn 2004) [EWE acts as forum for discussion in German political science].
  • 'God's Counterfeiters? Investigating the triad of fascism, totalitarianism, and (political) religion' 'editorial introduction to special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (Vol. 5, No. 3, Winter 2004) on 'fascism as a totalitarian movement'
  • 'Cloister or Cluster? The Implications of Emilio Gentile's Ecumenical Theory of Political Religion for the Study of Extremism' for special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religion Vol. 6, No. 2, (Summer 2005) edited by Marina Cattaruzza .
  • 'Europe for the Europeans: The fascist vision of the new Europe', republished (with updated sources) in reader (edited by Marius Babias) on European enlargement distributed at the Romanian Pavilion of the 51st Venice Biennale 2005.
  • Introduction to (Cyprian Blamires ed.) A Historical Encyclopedia of World Fascism (New York, ABC-Clio, 2006)
  • 'Ideology and culture' (in special issue of Journal of Political Ideologies devoted to ideology's relationship to other aspects of society) (63 Volume 11, Number 1 / February 2006)
  • '"The Holy Storm': Clerical Fascism through the Lens of Modernism', Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions (8.2, 2007) (Special Issue on clerical fascism)
  • 'Springtime for Hitler', The New Humanist (July 2007)
  • Faith in the Age of ISMs, THES (July 2007)
  • 'Modernism, modernity, and fascism: a mazeway resynthesis', for a special issue of the journal Modernism/modernity Vol. 14, No. 2 (February 2008)
  • Italian translation of 'Exploding the Continuum' in Mondoperaio (February 2008)
  • Griffin R. From Slime Mould to Rhizome: An Introduction to the Groupuscular Right. In Verkhovsky A.M. (ed.) The Top and the Bottom of Russian Nationalism (Moscow: 'Sova' Centre, 2007), pp. 223-254.
  • Roger Griffin, The Palingenetic Political Community: Rethinking the Legitimation of Totalitarian Regimes in Inter-war Europe, Voprosy filosofii [academic journal Issues of Philosophy), No. 12 (2006), pp. 51-63.
    Springtime for Hitler, The New Humanist (July 2007)
  • Faith in the Age of Isms, Times Higher Education Supplement (July 2007)
  • 'Zurueck in die Zukunft' Damals (February; 02 2008)
  • 'Modernity, modernism, and fascism: a mazeway resynthesis', article for Modernism/modernity (2008), Vol. 14, No. 2, special issue on modernism and fascism?
  • 'Fascismo: la lettura marxista di un non marxista', Mondoperaio (Italian Socialist journal) May 2008, issue 3.
  • 'Modernitate, modernism si fascism. O re-sintetizare a viziunii', Cuvantul, Vol. , No. September 2008.
  • 'The Modern Shaft of Babel. Historicizing the 'Evil' of Nazism' in the Norwegian magazine Impuls (Autumn 2009)
  • 'Pour une meilleure Entente entre specialiste francophones et anglophones du fascisme, Vingtieme Siecle, Revue d'Histoire, No. 108, October 2010, pp.53-69
  • Translation of (108) ‘Studying the European Extreme Right: From New Consensus to New Wave?’ to be published in the Russian academic journal Voprosy filosofii and the online journal Forum ( (2011)
  • 'Fascism and the Avantgarde' (in Spanish) Afinidades, Granada 2011
  •   Translation of 'From Slimemould to Rhizome' for Estonian cultural journal Vikekaar plus brief article on Breivik: Afterthoughts on rhizomic extremism in the light of the Breivik massacre (October 2011)
  •  'Studying Fascism in a Postfascist Age: From New Consensus to New Wave?', Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies (e-journal), Feb 2012
  • ‘Political or ontological insecurity?  The role of modernity in the rise of Hungarian Anti-Semitism in early 20th-century Europe’, for Judith Molnar (ed) Jogfosztás - 90 éve (Budapest: Holokauszt Emlékközpont, 2012
  • Ideological Legitimation in Ideocracies’, Totalitarismus und Demokratie/Totalitarianism and Democracy, issue 1, 2012.(German)
  • Football in No-Man’s-Land? The prospects for a fruitful ‘inter-camp’ dialogue within fascist studies for special issue of European Journal for Political Theory Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 183-201 (2012) coedited by Roger Griffin and David Roberts
  • Ideological Legitimation in Ideocracies’, Totalitarismus und Demokratie/Totalitarianism and Democracy, issue 1, 2012.(German)
  • Researching fascism in Eastern Europe: catching-up or breaking new ground? Ukraiina moderna, 20 (2013)
  •   Fixing Solutions: Fascist Temporalities as Remedies for Liquid Modernity’, European Journal of Modern History, No. 4 (2014)
  • Article on fascism for The Encyclopedia of Modern Political Thought (CQ Press, Sage, 2014)
  • Fascism: Russian translation of article for Encyclopedia of Modern Political Thought (CQ Press, Sage, 2013-4) for the Russian political science journal Polis "Fashizm", in: Politicheskie issledovaniia (Russian Association of Political Science), no. 3, (2014), pp. 141-150   
  • Web article based on interview for the Barcelona based SIdIF (Seminar of Researchers on Fascism) published November 2014 and published on-line on the Seminar’s website at

  • Melting the Snow Queen: Strategies for the Humanistic Reradicalization of Terrorists, Terrorism and Political Violence
  • Article on radicalization theory for Journal of Political ideologies
  • Words of Stone: Italian Fascism, Modernist Architecture, and the Aesthetic Projection of A ‘New Order’ in the special issue of Fascism dedicated to Latin Architecture in the Name of Fascism
  • Article on the sacred under modernity for a special issue/book on this issue bsed on the Cambridge conferenceArticle on fascism for Sage Encyclopedia of Political Behaviour ed. Professor Fathali Moghaddam
  • Encyclopedia article: Fascism (3000 words) for the Sage Encyclopedia of Political Behaviour ed by Professor Moghaddam (draft Oct 2015, published 2016)
  • 'Decentering Fascist Studies', for specielal issue of journal Fascism in two parts on peripheral fascism in interwar Europe edited by Matthew Kott (2016)
  • ''Futures Set in Stone': Architectural projections of a New Order under Inter-war Dictatorships' for  a special issue of Fascism on 'Latin Architecture in the Age of Fascism ed Rita de Cavalho and Roger Griffin (2016)

Book chapters

  • A number of short articles on modern political ideologies written for Power: A Political History of the 20th Century (Equinox Publications, Oxford 1990).
  • 'Nationalism' in R. Eatwell and A. Wright (eds) Contemporary Political Ideologies (Pinter, London, 1993), pp. 147-68: slightly revised for new edition 1998), pp. 152-79.
  • 'Staging the Nation's Rebirth', in G. Berghaus (ed.) Fascism and Theatre (Berghahn, Oxford, 1996), pp. 11-29.
  • 'British Fascism: The Ugly Duckling', in Michael Cronin (ed.) The Failure of British Fascism, (Macmillan, London, 1996), pp. 141-165.
  • 'Las organizaciones neofascistas', in Manuel Ledesma (ed.), Los Riesgos para la Democracia. Fascismo y neofascismo, (Pablo Iglesias, Madrid, 1997), pp. 101-28.
  • 'Italy', in R. Eatwell (ed.) European Political Culture (Routledge, London, 1997), pp. 139-56.
  • 'Ce n'est pas Le Pen: The MSI/AN's estrangement from the Front National's immigration policy', in Charles Westin (ed.), Racism, Ideology and Political Organisation (CEIFO, Stockholm, 1998), pp. 197-216.
  • 'Home Truths: The Contemporary Struggle between Democracy and Ethnocracy', in Charles Westin (ed.), Racism, Ideology and Political Organisation (CEIFO, Stockholm, 1998), pp. 267-294.
  • 'Last Rights?', Afterword to S. Ramet (ed.) The Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe, (Penn State Press, Pennsylvania, 1999), pp. 297-321.
  • 'To what extent was Mussolini's rise to power in 1922 a direct consequence of the impact of the First World War?', 'How far would you agree with the contention that Italian fascism `failed to transform Italy between 1925-1943?', in Peter Catterall (ed.), Essays in 20th Century World History, (Heinemann, London, 1999), pp. 26-33.
  • 'Revolution from the right: fascism', in David Parker (ed.) Revolutions and the Revolutionary Tradition in the West 1560-1991 (Routledge, London, 2000), pp. 185-201.
  • 'Plus ca change!: The fascist pedigree of the Nouvelle Droite', in Edward Arnold (ed.) The Development of the Radical Right in France 1890-1995 (Routledge, London, 2000), pp. 217-52.
  • 'Interregnum or endgame? Radical Right Thought in the 'Post-fascist' Era', in Michael Freeden (ed.), Reassessing Political Ideologies (Routledge, London, 2001), pp. 116-131.
  • 'No Racism, thanks, we're British. How 'right-wing populism' manifests itself in contemporary Britain', Wolfgang Eisman (ed.) Rechtspopulismus in Europa. Analysen und Handlungsperspektiven (Czernin-Verlag, Graz, 2001), pp. 90-111.
  • 'Caught in its own Net: post-war fascism outside Europe', in S. Larsen (ed.) Fascism outside Europe, (Columbia University Press, Columbia, 2000), pp. 46-68.
  • 'Afterthought: Redressing the balance in historiography': postscript to Wendy Parkin (ed.), Refashioning the Body Politic (Berg, Oxford, 2002), pp. 217-226.
  • 'Cruces gamadas y caminos bifurcados: las dinamicas fascistas del tercer reich' ['Hooked crosses and forking paths: The fascist dynamics of the Third Reich'], in Joan Mellon (ed.) Orden, Jerarquia y Comunidad. Fascismos, Autoritarismos y Neofascismos en la Europa Contemporanea (Tecnos, Madrid, 2002), pp. 103-157.
  • 'Interregno o final de partida? El pensamiento de la derecha radical en la era postfascista', (Spanish translation of 'Interregnum or endgame? Radical Right Thought in the 'Post-fascist' Era'), in Luis Vilalta (ed.), La extrema derecha en Europa, (Temas Clave Historia y Vida, Barcelona, 2002), pp. 9-30.
  • 'Racism' or 'rebirth'? The case for granting German citizenship to the alien concept 'generic fascism', and 'Nazism's 'Cleansing Hurricane' and the Metamorphosis of Fascist Studies', in W. Wippermann and W. Loh (eds) 'Faschismus' kontrovers (Lucius und Lucius, Paderborn, 2003), pp. 81-88; 179-190.
  • 'The palingenetic core of fascist nationalism', in Alessandro Campi (ed.), Che cose' il fascismo? Interpretazioni e prospettive di ricerche, (Ideazione Editrice, Roma, 2003), pp. 97-122.
  • 'This Fortress Built Against Infection' The BUF vision of Britain's theatrical and musical Renaissance', T. Linehan and J. Gottlieb (eds), Cultural Expressions of the Far Right (Macmillan, London, 2003)
  • 'Withstanding the rush of time. The prescience of G. L. Mosse's anthropological approach to fascism', in Stanley Payne (ed.), What History Tells: George L. Mosse's Study of Modern Europe, (University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, 2003).
  • Voelkischer Nationalismus als Wegbereiter und Fortsetzer des Faschismus: Ein angelaechsischer Blick auf ein nicht nur deutsches Phaenomen', which appeared in a collection of symposium papers under the title Faschismus - alte und neue Gesichter, edited by Heiko Kauffmann, Helmut Kellershohn, and Paul Jobst (Edition DISS, Unrast-Verlag; Muenster, 2005).
  • 'Tunnel visions and mysterious trees: modernist projects of national and racial regeneration 1880-1939', concluding chapter for the volume Blood and Homeland: Eugenics and Racial Nationalism in Central and Southeast Europe, 1900-1940, edited Marius Turda (December 2006)
  • Updated version of 'Plus ca change!: The fascist pedigree of the Nouvelle Droite', Miguel Simon (ed) La derecha radical desde 1945 a nuestros dias, conceptos, ideologia y movimientos (TECNOS, Madrid, 2007).
  • Introduction to Tamir Bar-On, Where Have All the Fascists Gone (Ashgate, Hampshire, 2007)
  • 'Non Angeli, sed Angli: the neo-populist foreign policy of the "New" BNP', in Christina Liang (ed.) Europe for the Europeans: the foreign and security policy of the populist radical right (Ashgate, Hampshire, 2007). ISBN 0754648516
  • 'Ideology and Culture' in Michael Freeden (ed.), The Meaning of Ideology: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives (Oxford: OUP, 2007).
  • 'Exploding the continuum of history: a Marxist model of fascism's revolutionary dynamics',in Matthew Feldman and Roger Griffin (eds.) A Fascist Century: Essays by Roger Griffin (Palgrave, 2008)
  • 'Exploding the continuum of history: a Marxist model of fascism's revolutionary dynamics', in Matthew Feldman (ed.) The Fascist Century. Essays by Roger Griffin (Palgrave, September 2008)
  • Interview with Stanley Payne, and Introduction: the evolution and convolution of political religion, in Robert Mallet, Peter Tortorice, and Roger Griffin (ed.) The Sacred in Politics (University of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, October 2008).
  • 'The Origins of the postwar right', Peter Davies (ed.) Encyclopedia of the Far Right in Europe (Greenwood Press, Oxford, July 2008).
  • 'The Multiplication of Man. Futurism's Sacralization of Technology Seen through the Lens of Modernism', chapter for Guenter Berghaus (ed.), Futurism and the Technological Imagination (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009).
  • 'Wolfgang Wippermann as Fascistologist: An Anglo-Saxon Perspective on a 'Lone Wolf' in German Fascist Studies , in Dr Stephan Vogt (ed.), History and Presence of National Socialism. A Festschrift for Wolfgang Wippermann (Berlin: Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2010)
  • 'Exploding the continuum of history: a Marxist model of fascism's revolutionary dynamics', (translated into French), in Traian Sandu (ed.), Vers un Profil Convergent des Fascismes: 'Nouveau Consensus' et religion politique en Europe Cahiers de la Nouvelle Europe (October 2010)
  • Fascism and Culture: A Mosse-centric Metanarrative (or how fascist studies reinvented the wheel)’, in António Costa-Pinto (ed.) Rethinking the Nature of Fascism (London: Palgrave, 2010).
  •   ‘Rechtsextremismusforschung in Europa. "From new consensus to new wave?"’, in: Claudia Globisch/ Agnieszka Pufelska und Volker Weiß (Eds.), Die Dynamik der europäischen Rechten. Geschichte, Kontinuitäten und Wandel, (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag; Dec 2010)
  • 'Political modernism and the cultural production of "personalities of the right" in inter-war Europe' in Rebecca Haynes and Martyn Rady (eds) In the Shadow of Hitler. Personalities of the Right in Central and Eastern Europe  (Tauris, 2011)
  • A revised version of 'God's Counterfeiters' in the collection Ideologi og terror edited by Bjørn Arne (Oslo: 2011)
  •   'Fascism and Modernity', in A, Mellón, R. Griffin, A. Kallis, I. Saz,   Sultana Wahnon, Los Fascismos del siglo XX. Nuevas aportaciones teóricas (Madrid: Tecnos, 2012)
  •  "Terroristradikaliseringens metapolitikk" [The Metapolitics of Terrorist Radicalization] in Øystein Sørensen, Bernt Hagtvet & Bjørn Arne Steine (ed.) Høyrekstremisme. Ideer og bevegelser i Europa (Oslo:Dreyer 2012), pp.101-131 (in Norwegian)
  • ‘Homo Humanistus? Towards an inventory of transcultural humanism’ in Joern Ruesen (ed) Exploring Humanity (V&R Unipress, 2012)
  •  ‘Bio-nomic Man (and Woman): Fantasies of Anthropological Revolution as a Reaction to Modernity’s Nomic Crisis’ for  Marius Turda (ed), Crafting Humans. From Genesis to Eugenics and Beyond (Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 2013)
  • ‘Avalanches of Spring: The Great War, Modernism, and the Rise of Austro-fascisms’, in Wolfgang Maderthaner (ed.) Routes into the Abyss? Coping with Crises in the 1930s (Oxford: Berghahn, 2013) in the series "International Studies in Social History"
  •  'Lingua Quarti Imperii’. The euphemistic tradition of the extreme right, in Matthew Feldman and Paul Jackson (eds) Doublespeak: The Rhetoric of the Far-Right Since 1945 (ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart, 2013
  • Mass dictatorship and the 'modernist state', in Jie-Hyun Lim, Michael Schoenhals, and Yong Woo Kim (eds) Mass Dictatorship and Modernity (London: Palgrave, October 2013).
  • 'Palingenetischer Ultranationalismus. Geburtswehen einer neuen Faschismusdeuting', ('Palingenetic Ultranationalism. Scenes from the Life-cycle of a Paradigm of Fascism, Hans Woller (ed.) Der Faschismus in Europa. Wege der Forschung (Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2014).
  • 'Il ventennio parafascista? The past and future of a neologism in comparative fascist studies', in A.C. Pinto and A. Kallis  (Eds.).Rethinking Fascism and Dictatorship in Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
  •   Palingenetischer Ultranationalismus. Die Geburtswehen einer neuen Faschismusdeutung in Hans Woller (ed.), Der Faschismus in EuropaWege der Forschung (Institute for Contemporary History, Munich July  2014
  •   Palingenetischer Ultranationalismus. Die Geburtswehen einer neuen Faschismusdeutung in Hans Woller (ed.), Der Faschismus in EuropaWege der Forschung (Institute for Contemporary History, Munich July  2014
  • Der größte Verführer aller Zeiten? Über die Anziehungskraft des Nazismus, in Gudrun Brockhaus (ed.) Die Attraktion des Nazismus (EssenKlar-Text Verlag, 2014)·         ‘Terrorism and Modernity’ for Randall Law (eds) The Routledge History of Terrorism and Insurgency (2015)
  • An Unholy Alliance? The convergence between revealed religion and sacralized politics in inter-war Europe, in Jan Nelis, Danny Praet and Anne Morelli (ed.) Catholicism and Fascism in Europe 1918-1945, (Hildesheim, Zürich, New York: Olms, 2015).
  • 'Fascism' in The Sage Encyclopedia of Fascist Behaviour (2016)
  • 'The Modernism of Fascism: Dissolving Old Prejudices' in Modernism and Fascism: Politics and Culure in Interwar Europe 1914-145 ed. Miguel Arco de Blanco 2016) 
  • 'The future duce as futurist: Marinetti's appendix to Antonio Beltramelli's L'Uomo nuovo (Benito Mussolini)', for Sascha Bru, Luca Somigli & Bart Van Den Bossche (eds.) Futurism: A Microhistory (Maney/Legenda, 1915).
  • ‘A humanistic counter-counter-jihad: how civil society should respond to the Breivik attacks’, chapter for book published in Norwegian based on the 2016 conference ‘Never Again 22 July’ (2017) by the Oslo-based organization REDO   
  • ‘Fascism’s Modernist Revolution: A New Paradigm for the Study of Right-wing Dictatorships’ in (in Spanish) Cobo Romero, Francisco, Hernández Burgos, Claudio y del Arco Blanco, Miguel Ángel (eds.), Fascismo y modernismo. Política y cultura en la Europa de entreguerras (1914-1945). (Granada: Comares, 2016)
  • ‘Fixing Solutions: Fascist Temporalities as Remedies for Liquid Modernity’ (in Spanish) for Prismas. Revista de Historia Intelectual (Argentinian journal) 2017


Reference Articles

  • Article on nationalism and totalitarianism for The Blackwell Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Social Thought (Blackwell, Oxford, 1992), pp. 223-5; 673-4 (revised edition 2003)
  • Article on fascism and religion The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion (Routledge, New York, 1998), pp. 257-64.
  • Definition of fascism for the Encarta 2000 Encyclopedia (Web resource) (Microsoft Publications CD ROM Encyclopedia, 2000) CD Set X05-04900
  • Article on fascism and religion Brenda Brasher (ed.) Encyclopedia of Fundamentalism in the Berkshire Reference Works series (Routledge, New York, 2001), pp. 171-8.
  • Article on fascism Christensen, Karen and David Levinson (general eds) The Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World, (Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage, 2003) Volume II, pp. ISBN 0-7619-2598-8.
  • Bron Taylor and Jeffrey Kaplan (eds) The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature (Continuum International, London and New York, March 2005)
  • Article on fascism in Maryanne Cline Horowitz ed., The New Dictionary of the History of Ideas (New York: Scribner, 2005).
  • Introductory essay and several articles for Cyprian Blamires (ed.) A Historical Encyclopedia of World Fascism (New York, ABC-Clio, 2006)
  • Entries on National Socialism and generic fascism for The Cambridge Dictionary of Political Thought (2014) 
  • Article on fascism for Gregory Claeys (ed), The Encyclopedia of Modern Political Thought (CQ Press, Sage, 2013)
  • 'Terrorism and Modernity' for Randy Law (ed.) The Sage History of Terrorism
  • Article on fascism for Fatila Moghaddam,  The Sage Encyclopedia of Political Behaviour (2017)